Remembering 9/11

Nobel prize winner Eric Kandel managed to explain post-traumatic stress disorder by showing how the aplysia sea slug reacts to aggression, and remembers it all of its life, like elephants, and to some extent like all living beings. Descartes wanted to explain how animals have no soul and therefore are not judged when they go to heaven. But other cultures believe that soul (or nephesh in Hebrew) travels from humans to animals.